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Newsletter Sharing Heritage Expertise Online version
Sharing Heritage Expertise No.11, March 2020
Marcus Lodovicus Antonius Clifford (1670/75-1738), Adriana Wilhelmina Burlamacchi (1684-1760), 1730 (image: detail of photo by Margareta Svensson)
Welcome to the first Sharing Heritage Expertise newsletter of 2020! Catch up on the latest projects and activities of the Shared Cultural Heritage programme of the Cultural Heritage Agency of the Netherlands (RCE). And read about our partner, the Anton de Kom University of Suriname, with whom we work together on Maritime Archaeology projects. Some extra news: this year, the feature article has a new focus! Instead of exploring an expertise of the RCE, the articles will present good practices resulting from the fruitful and reciprocal work carried out in the context of the international collaborative projects of the Shared Cultural Heritage programme.
The Antônio Vaz island and some of the water systems and bridges that characterise the city (photo: Portal da Copa/ME / licensed under CC BY 3.0 BR).
Feature article: creating a conceptual framework as a guideline for urban redevelopment
This article focuses on a good practice that resulted from a long-term cooperation (2011-2019) between Brazil and the Netherlands in the framework of the Shared Cultural Heritage programme. The project focused mainly on urban planning and the redevelopment of Recife in Brazil. Founded in 1537, in the seventeenth century Recife became the capital Mauritsstad of the colony of New Holland. Its layout dates to this time, when Mauritsstad was built and provided with bridges, dikes and canals to handle the geographic conditions: Recife is situated in the delta of three rivers. This layout constitutes the basis for Recife’s urban structure today and it embodies a shared heritage between Brazil and the Netherlands. One practice that revealed itself particularly successful during this Brazilian-Dutch exchange was the development of a conceptual framework, the ‘Water Tree’ concept, that guided discussions and reflections about Recife’s urban redevelopment, as well as practical implementations.

Read the complete article here
Preparing to dive to investigate sunken tribal Maroon villages in the Brokopondo Stuwmeer 2016, Suriname (photo: Guno Kenneth Phag).
Meet our Partner, the Anton de Kom University
For several years, the Anton de Kom University (AdeK) of Suriname and the RCE have been cooperating and developing capacity building programmes for students and researchers in the Netherlands and Suriname in the field of maritime archaeology and heritage. AdeK integrates a variety of cross-disciplinary specialists that contribute with different types of expertise to the understanding of the maritime archaeological record. Experts in the geological sciences provide knowledge about historical geology and how landscape changes might affect the archaeological record. For instance, a coastal morphologist is currently assisting in a maritime archaeology project to understand the rate and cycle of coastal degradation vs. growth at an 18th and 19th century cotton plantation site. Such information allows AdeK to devise management plans for the preservation of archaeological heritage in locations subject to climate change.

Moreover, historical and archival experts provide documentation about early European settlers and the construction of waterworks that were conducive to the maintenance and proliferation of the plantocracy. AdeK uses a community management model to gather oral historical accounts from indigenous and tribal communities to learn about their historical presence and contemporary uses of the changing maritime landscape. Collectively, this expertise contributes to the understanding of the history of Suriname’s maritime landscape. Furthermore, studies in coastal morphology that intersect with historical and heritage research are translatable to other contexts with environments affected by climate change. AdeK can provide prospective researchers with access to government agencies a mandate for historical, archaeological and maritime research, and basic personal diving gear. For interested researchers and professionals, please contact Dr. Cheryl White, lecturer and coordinator for archaeology in the Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
E-Magazine: Traces of Slavery and Colonial History in the Art Collection RCE // The RCE searched its art collection for traces of slavery and colonial history. This research, undertaken within the context of the Shared Cultural Heritage programme, started as a pilot project and lasted over a year. To avoid its own blind spots, the RCE installed an Advisory Board with diverse members. The first results are presented in a digital magazine, which includes a report of how the research was done, and descriptions of 25 objects (such as the painting in the header of this newsletter), each by three different authors. The next step is to sort out the almost 2,000 objects that were ‘found’ in the collection relating to colonial history and to adjust descriptions where they are incomplete, outdated, offensive, or derogatory.

Museum Management Course in Gianyar, Bali (Indonesia) // 6-9 April // The Ministry of Education and Culture of the Republic of Indonesia requested this training course, which is a cooperation with the Embassy of the Netherlands in Jakarta, the Reinwardt Academy and the RCE. Participants will explore how digital information enables strategic collection management and functional public exposure. More and more, museums regard digital media as a structural need in areas such as public outreach, education, information and conservation. This programme focuses on four aspects within this topic: digital preservation and collection sharing; collection identity and marketing; collections and storytelling; and partnerships for (internal and external) communication. The training will be given by Bart Boskaljon (RCE) and Simone Stoltz (Reinwardt Academy).

Workshops of the train-the-trainer programme on Conservation of Museum Collections
// 9-12 March // This year will see the final workshops of the programme for museum professionals from South Africa, a collaboration between the RCE and the South African Museums Association (SAMA). The workshop in March will address the conservation of glass, ceramics and metal objects, and the questions: how to recognise different materials and degradation processes, and how to prevent and repair possible damages? Two venues will be involved: the University of Pretoria and Ditsong Museums of South Africa (Pretoria). The university started a Masters in conservation and restoration in September 2019 and thus is a partner of the programme. A team of experts from the Netherlands will travel to Pretoria for the workshops: Ineke Joosten and Alexandra van Kleef (RCE), Esther Meijer (Museum Bronbeek) and Roosmarijn van Beemen (Atelier Van Beemen).
Built Environment
Workshop on future perspective of Hirado (Japan) // 16-20 March // The town of Hirado was the Dutch East India Company’s (VOC) first trading post in Japan. The historic town, located on the island of Kyushu, currently faces a declining and aging population. Earlier cooperation between Japan and the Netherlands identified the development potentials of Hirado’s historic features, which can be used to regenerate its vitality. In this follow-up workshop, the interests of the main local stakeholders will be explored, in order to find a joint perspective for Hirado’s future. The RCE will conduct this workshop upon request of the local authority, in close collaboration with the Japan-Netherland Architects Cultural Association, and with the support of the Embassy of the Netherlands in Tokyo.

World Urban Forum 2020 in Abu Dhabi (UAE) // 8-13 February // For the first time, and in collaboration with TU Delft (Ana Pereira Roders) and the Institute for Housing and Urban Development Studies of the Erasmus University Rotterdam (Remco Vermeulen and Carley Pennink), the RCE (Jean-Paul Corten) participated in the WUF, a biennial event of UN-Habitat about current urban developments. One of the main themes was ‘Urban Planning & Heritage Preservation / Regeneration’, which shows the growing importance of heritage in this field. The integrated heritage approach in relation to urban planning and development is well established in Dutch conservation practices. The purpose of the joint work session by the Dutch partners was to explore the needs for Integrated Conservation, the potential role of the Netherlands in this field on an international level, and to reflect on how the three parties can work together towards that.

Exhibition and workshop on ‘Reuse, Redevelop and Design’ in Jakarta (Indonesia) // The ‘Reuse, Redevelop and Design’ exhibition opened on 23 January in the Erasmushuis in Jakarta and was on show until the end of February. It is based on the homonymous book that focuses on how the Dutch deal with heritage redevelopment. It shows how historical buildings that lost their initial functions can be reused for a new purpose while retaining their historical features. The exhibition and accompanying documentary have already travelled through Brazil, Suriname, South Africa, Russia, Sri Lanka, Indonesia and Japan. The workshop on the redevelopment of heritage in Jakarta took place between 3 and 7 February and was a joint effort of the RCE and Trisakti University. 15 students delved into the development potential of the former Mint Building in South Jakarta, upon request of the property owner, who is exploring future perspectives. Mendel Robbers from Schipper Bosch also participated in the workshop, at the invitation of the RCE.

Research on shared architectural heritage in Cape Town (South Africa) // 26 January – 1 February // The ‘Tectonic Wilhelmiens’ project responds to a request of the South African Heritage Resource Agency (SAHRA). The RCE collaborates with the Universities of Pretoria and Cape Town, Witwatersrand University Johannesburg, the City of Thswane, SAHRA, the National Department of Public Works at Tshwane and the TU Delft. The project aims to identify and raise awareness of the shared South African-Dutch built heritage in the provinces of Gauteng and the Cape between 1902 and 1961; to identify potential archival resources that may support further exploration and preservation of this ‘Tectonic Wilhelmiens’ architectural heritage; and to advise curators on issues of conservation and selection. The research will result in a publication in October, a sequel to the book ‘Eclectic ZA Wilhelmiens: A Shared Dutch Built Heritage in South Africa’.
Maritime Archaeology
Expert meeting on the ratification of the UNESCO Convention on the Underwater Cultural Heritage Protection in Curaçao // 29 January // Maritime archaeologists Martijn Manders and Leon Derksen travelled to Curaçao on behalf of the RCE to attend an expert meeting on the ratification of the UNESCO Convention. Archaeological authorities and managers of marine parks in Curaçao, Aruba, Sint Maarten, Bonaire, St. Eustatius and Saba were also present at the meeting held at Stichting NAAM (National Archeological Anthropological Memory Management). The purpose was to discuss how best to ratify and implement the Convention for the six countries of the Dutch Caribbean. The Netherlands has decided to ratify the Convention, which applies to both the European and the Caribbean parts of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Discussions will be held on how to develop and implement underwater cultural heritage management according to UNESCO’s standards, with an emphasis on the specifications of each sub-area within the Kingdom. The Netherlands is in the final phase of ratifying the Convention, and its signing is planned for 2021.
Sharing Heritage Expertise is the newsletter of the Shared Cultural Heritage Programme of the Cultural Heritage Agency of the Netherlands. This programme follows from the International Cultural Policy Framework of the Dutch government. Other organisations executing the national Shared Cultural Heritage Programme are DutchCulture and the National Archives of the Netherlands, and the Embassies of the Netherlands in the 10 partner countries. For more information on their activities, see their respective websites.

For more information, please visit our website (English and Dutch) or contact the editor, Sofia Lovegrove (lovegrove.sofia@gmail.com). We welcome comments and suggestions regarding the content of our newsletter.
Cultural Heritage Agency of the Netherlands
Smallepad 5 | 3811 MG Amersfoort
Postbus 1600 | 3800 BP Amersfoort
The Netherlands
+31 (0)33 – 421 7 421
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